Which type of skin glands are most affected by the hormonal changes that occur during puberty?

Which type of skin gland is most affected by the hormonal changes that occur during puberty? Apocrine sweat glands enlarge and increase secretory activity in response to the increase in sex hormones that occurs at puberty.

What glands change during puberty?

In males: The hormones tell the testicles to make the hormone testosterone and sperm. In females: The hormones tell the ovaries to make the hormone estrogen and triggers the growth and release of eggs. Other puberty hormones come from the adrenal glands, a pair of glands that sit at the top of the kidneys.

Which skin gland activates at puberty?

Apocrine sweat glands start to function at puberty under the stimulation of sex hormones. They are associated with hair follicles in the groin and axillary region.

What are the hormonal changes during puberty?

Puberty is associated with emotional and hormonal changes, as well as physical changes such as breast development in females (thelarche), pubic hair development (pubarche), genital changes in males, voice changes, an increase in height, and the onset of menstruation (menarche).

What are eccrine and apocrine glands?

Your skin has two types of sweat glands: eccrine and apocrine. Eccrine glands occur over most of your body and open directly onto the surface of your skin. Apocrine glands open into the hair follicle, leading to the surface of the skin.

How do sebaceous glands affect puberty?

The hormonal changes at puberty that follow lead to changes in both the sebaceous glands and the skin cells lining the hair follicle opening (pore). Also, there are factors that control how the sebaceous gland handles the hormone, which is why some people are more affected by hormones than others.

What is the difference between apocrine and merocrine sweat glands?

Apocrine sweat glands are found associated with hair follicles and only become active at puberty. Merocrine sweat glands are found throughout the skin and produce a watery sweat from birth.

What is an example of holocrine glands?

Examples of holocrine glands include the sebaceous glands of the skin and the meibomian glands of the eyelid. The sebaceous gland is an example of a holocrine gland because its product of secretion (sebum) is released with remnants of dead cells.

What do apocrine glands do?

A type of gland that is found in the skin, breast, eyelid, and ear. Apocrine glands in the breast secrete fat droplets into breast milk and those in the ear help form earwax. Apocrine glands in the skin and eyelid are sweat glands.

What is a eccrine gland?

Listen to pronunciation. (EK-rin …) A type of simple sweat gland that is found in almost all regions of the skin. These glands produce sweat that reaches the surface of the skin by way of coiled ducts (tubes).

How does puberty affect the skin?

As puberty progresses, hormones stimulate these glands to make more sebum and they often become overactive and make too much sebum, leading to clogging of the pores with excess oil, dead skin cells and bacteria.

What are the sebaceous glands?

Sebaceous glands are holocrine glands found over the entire surface of the body except the palms, soles and dorsum of the feet. They are largest and most concentrated in the face and scalp where they are the sites of origin of acne (Fig. 1).

Are sebaceous glands apocrine?

They are sometimes found in the skin of the scalp and the face. Apocrine glands are derived from the primary epithelial germ along with the hair follicle and sebaceous gland.

What hormone produces sebaceous glands?

Sebum production is under the control of sex hormones (androgens). The most active androgens are testosterone, 5-testosterone (DHT) and 5-androstene-317diol. These hormones and others are made by the sex glands (ovary in females, testis in males) and by the adrenal gland.

What are the 3 types of glands?

The exocrine glands are of three types:

  • Holocrine Glands.
  • Merocrine or Eccrine Glands.
  • Apocrine Glands.


What are merocrine apocrine and holocrine glands?

The most damaging type of secretion to cells is holocrine, whereas merocrine is the least damaging, and apocrine is in between them. Note: -Endocrine glands are the glands that release their secretions directly into the blood and hence they are known as ductless glands.

What is the difference between eccrine apocrine and holocrine glands?


Some endocrine glands include the adrenal thyroid. And pituitary glands exocrine glands typically see-cret their products into a duct or onto a surface such as the skin.