Where are the major arteries and veins located?

Where are major arteries located?

The major arteries in the body are:

  • The aorta. The largest artery in the body, which connects directly to the left ventricle of the heart. …
  • Arteries of the head and neck (carotids) …
  • Arteries of the torso (aortic subdivisions, coronaries and subclavian)

What is the location of major arteries and veins?

Arteries (in red) are the blood vessels that deliver blood to the body. Veins (in blue) are the blood vessels that return blood to the heart. Deep veins, located in the center of the leg near the leg bones, are enclosed by muscle. The iliac, femoral, popliteal and tibial (calf) veins are the deep veins in the legs.

Where are veins located in the body?

Superficial veins are located close to the surface of the skin and are not located near a corresponding artery. Deep veins are located deep within muscle tissue and are typically located near a corresponding artery with the same name (for example coronary arteries and veins).

What are the 5 major arteries?

This is a list of arteries of the human body.

  • The aorta.
  • The arteries of the head and neck. The common carotid artery. The external carotid artery. …
  • The arteries of the upper extremity. The subclavian artery. The axilla. …
  • The arteries of the trunk. The descending aorta. …
  • The arteries of the lower extremity. The femoral artery.

Where are the major arteries in your legs?

The femoral artery is the major blood vessel supplying blood to your legs. It’s in your upper thigh, right near your groin.

What are the 4 major arteries?

By definition, an artery is a vessel that conducts blood from the heart to the periphery. All arteries carry oxygenated blood–except for the pulmonary artery. The largest artery in the body is the aorta and it is divided into four parts: ascending aorta, aortic arch, thoracic aorta, and abdominal aorta.

Where are the main veins in your arm?

At the top of the arm it lies between the deltoid and pectoralis major. The large vein crossing the front of the elbow is the antecubital vein. It crosses from the cephalic, to the basilic vein. The basilic vein then runs up the medial aspect of the arm to join this brachial vein, which is one of a pair.

Where is the biggest artery in your body?

The aorta

The aorta is the largest artery in the body that exits the left ventricle of the heart.

How many major arteries are there?

However, there are more than 20 major arteries throughout the body, which then branch out into many, many smaller arterioles and capillaries. This extensive network carries blood to all parts of the body.

Where is coronary artery located?

The coronary arteries wrap around the outside of the heart. Small branches dive into the heart muscle to bring it blood.

What are the 2 main veins of the body?

The two largest veins in the body are the superior vena cava, which carries blood from the upper body directly to the right atrium of the heart, and the inferior vena cava, which carries blood from the lower body directly to the right atrium.

Where is the main artery in your neck?

The right common carotid artery extends up the neck off the innominate artery which is the first major branch off the aorta – the main artery in the body. The left common carotid artery is the second main branch and arises directly off the aorta.

What is the largest vein in the body?

The vena cava

The vena cava is the largest vein in the body.

What color is blood in your veins?


Blood is always red, but the shade of red depends on how much oxygen is in the red blood cells. When you breathe in, you are filling your blood cell with oxygen, and it gives them a very bright red color. As blood travels through your body, it loses the oxygen and takes on carbon dioxide (which you exhale).

What color are human veins?


The veins themselves are not blue, but are mostly colorless. It is the blood in the veins that gives them color. Furthermore, the blood in human veins is also not blue. Blood is always red.

What are the 3 main veins to draw blood?


The most site for venipuncture is the antecubital fossa located in the anterior elbow at the fold. This area houses three veins: the cephalic, median cubital, and basilic veins (Figure 1).

Which arm is best for blood?

The arm does not matter, although most people prefer their non-dominant one. The phlebotomist will wrap a tourniquet around your arm. The elastic band makes it easier to identify which veins to draw blood from. The phlebotomist may touch your arm to feel for the best access point.

What is difference between artery and vein?

Arteries carry blood away from the heart, and veins carry blood towards the heart. With the exception of pulmonary blood vessels, arteries carry oxygenated blood and veins carry deoxygenated blood. Arteries have thick walls with muscle tissue. Veins have thinner walls and use valves to keep your blood flowing.

Can blood be drawn from hands?

To get blood drawn, you’ll sit in a chair or lie down. The person who takes the blood will ask you to make a fist with your hand. Then they’ll tie a band, called a tourniquet, around your upper arm. This makes your veins pop out a little more, which will make it easier to insert the needle in the right place.

Why did no blood come out when I had a blood test?

If you have been to a clinic or lab before and had the phlebotomist stick you more than once for a blood draw, you may have been told that you are a “difficult stick.” This can happen to people for quite a few different reasons, including small or deep veins, rolling veins, dehydration, collapsing veins, constricted

Is blood draw painful?

In the hands of a skilled phlebotomist or nurse, a blood draw shouldn’t be painful, but you may experience some brief discomfort. Regardless of whether having your blood drawn is no big deal or a major issue for you, some quick preparation for your blood draw can make the process much easier.

Does getting blood taken make you tired?

Even if you don’t feel light-headed or faint, venipuncture can still be a draining experience and you may feel tired afterwards. In most cases, this will pass gradually — but be sure to seek medical advice if your fatigue does not improve or worsens over the following few hours.

Why is there a lump where I got blood drawn?

A hematoma is a swollen area that is filled with blood. It may form at the puncture site after a blood draw. What can I expect? The blood in the hematoma will be absorbed by your body over the next few days.

How do you react if a patient not feeling well during a blood draw?

With vasovagal reactions, some people feel nauseated. Others may feel dizzy, start sweating, look pale, or have a temporary drop in heart rate or blood pressure. Some people will even faint. The next time you have your blood drawn, try relaxation techniques like deep breathing or visualization to help you feel calm.

Why does my arm burn after a blood draw?

Too many attempts to draw blood result in a hematoma (blood trapped under the skin’s surface). This is accompanied by pain and numbness, which turns into permanent nerve damage. Dysesthesia (burning sensation) and paresthesia (a “pins and needles” sensation) may also occur.

What happens if a nerve is hit during a blood draw?

There are bundles of nerves close to your major veins, and if one of those nerves is nicked or punctured by the phlebotomist (the person drawing your blood), you could experience the following: The feeling of an electric shock during the procedure. Persistent pain in the arm. Numbness and tingling in the arm and hand.

What is a blown vein?

If you have a blown vein, it means that the vein has ruptured and is leaking blood. It happens when a nurse or other healthcare professional attempts to insert a needle into a vein, and things don’t go quite right. When the vein starts to leak, you’ll notice your skin darkening around the insertion site.