In response to a decrease in blood pH, the respiratory center (in the medulla ) sends nervous impulses to the external intercostal muscles and the diaphragm, to increase the breathing rate and the volume of the lungs during inhalation.
What are the 7 organs of respiratory system?
- Throat (pharynx)
- Voice box (larynx)
- Windpipe (trachea)
- Large airways (bronchi)
- Small airways (bronchioles)
What are the 4 main functions of the respiratory system?
The chest wall consists of the muscles of respiration—such as the diaphragm, the intercostal muscles, and the abdominal muscles—and the rib cage. The functions of the respiratory system include gas exchange, acid-base balance, phonation, pulmonary defense and metabolism, and the handling of bioactive materials.
What are the main parts of your respiratory system?
The respiratory system includes the nose, mouth, throat, voice box, windpipe, and lungs. Air enters the respiratory system through the nose or the mouth. If it goes in the nostrils (also called nares), the air is warmed and humidified.
What are the 5 main functions of the respiratory system?
There are five functions of the respiratory system.
- Gas Exchange – oxygen and carbon dioxide.
- Breathing – movement of air.
- Sound Production.
- Olfactory Assistance – sense of smell.
- Protection – from dust and microbes entering body through mucus production, cilia, and coughing.
What are the 4 types of respiration?
Respiration consists of 4 distinct processes:
- Pulmonary Ventilation. moving air into and out of the lungs. …
- External Respiration.
- Transport. transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide between the lungs and tissues.
- Internal Respiration. diffusion of gases between the blood of the systemic capillaries and cells.