What is the function of the medial malleolus?

The medial malleolus and the associated deltoid ligament provide for ankle stability on the medial side.

What is the function of the medial malleolus and the lateral malleolus?

Distal Tibia and Fibula

The medial malleolus is the medial projection of bone from the distal tibia. The lateral malleolus projects laterally from the distal fibula (Fig. 11.3). Both malleoli serve as the proximal attachments for the collateral ligaments of the ankle.

What is the function of the lateral malleolus?

Lateral Ligament

The lateral ligaments stabilize the ankle, and serve as a guide to direct ankle motion by attaching the lateral malleolus to the bones below the ankle joint. They are responsible for resistance against inversion and internal rotation stress.

What happens if you break your medial malleolus?

bruising. tenderness to pressure. inability to put weight on the injured side. visible displacement or deformity of the ankle bones.

Can you walk with a broken medial malleolus?

You may walk on the foot as comfort allows although you will find it easier to walk with crutches in the early stages. The swelling is often worse at the end of the day and elevating it will help.

What attaches to medial malleolus?

The deltoid ligament attaches the medial malleolus to multiple tarsal bones. Unlike the superficial layer of this ligament, the deep layer is intraarticular and is covered by synovium.

Why does my medial malleolus hurt?

Tibialis posterior tendinosis, which is degeneration of the tibialis posterior tendon, and tibialis posterior tenosynovitis are the most common causes of pain behind the medial malleolus. The posterior tibial tendon lies immediately behind the medial malleolus.

What is medial and lateral malleolus?

The medial malleolus is the prominence on the inner side of the ankle, formed by the lower end of the tibia. The lateral malleolus is the prominence on the outer side of the ankle, formed by the lower end of the fibula.

What tendons run behind the medial malleolus?

12-54). All the structures that run behind the medial malleolus (the tibialis posterior muscle, the flexor digitorum longus muscle, the posterior tibial artery and vein, the tibial nerve, and the flexor hallucis longus tendon) are in danger if the deep surgical dissection is not carried out close to bone (see Figs.

What is the knob on your ankle called?

The hard bony knobs on each side of the ankle are called the malleoli. These provide stability to the ankle and function as the weight-bearing joints of the foot.

How painful is a medial malleolus fracture?

A stress fracture of the medial malleolus causes an increasing amount of pain that develops over a period of weeks. The pain is felt at a specific point on the inside aspect of the ankle and is worsened by exercise. Initially, the pain may only be present following activity.

How easy is it to break your medial malleolus?

Fractures of the medial malleolus are relatively uncommon and usually occur as part of a more complex pattern of ankle fractures. The injury occurs when the foot is forcefully rolled inward or outward.

How do you treat medial malleolus pain?

Avoiding the activities that produce the pain or stress the bursa of the medial malleolus is the first line of treatment. Avoiding activities that produce pain or stress of the bursa of the medial malleolus and associated tendons (jumping, running, etc.) The use of ice to reduce inflammation and pain.

What can cause inside ankle pain without injury?

What Can Cause Ankle Pain Without Injury?

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis. Even though the immune system works to fight off germs, there can be times when it will attack the joints on accident. …
  • Lupus. …
  • Osteoarthritis. …
  • Gout. …
  • Flat Feet. …
  • Bursitis. …
  • Reactive Arthritis. …
  • Scleroderma.

What causes swelling around the medial malleolus?

Sometimes stress on the ankle can cause a new bursa (called the subcutaneous bursa of medial malleolus) to form beneath the skin surrounding the ankle joint. This bursa can also become inflamed and cause ankle bursitis, another type of foot bursitis.

How do you get rid of fluid on the ankle bone?

How to ease swelling yourself

  1. raise your legs or the swollen area on a chair or pillows when you can.
  2. get some gentle exercise, like walking, to improve your blood flow.
  3. wear wide, comfortable shoes with a low heel and soft sole.
  4. wash, dry and moisturise your feet to avoid infections.

How do I get rid of fluid in my ankle?

Home care

  1. Rest. Stay off your ankle or leg until you can get to the doctor or until the swelling goes away.
  2. Ice. Put ice on the swollen area as soon as you can for 15 to 20 minutes. …
  3. Compression. Wrap your ankle or leg snugly, but be sure not to cut off circulation. …
  4. Elevation.

What does an inflamed bursa feel like?

If you have bursitis, the affected joint might: Feel achy or stiff. Hurt more when you move it or press on it. Look swollen and red.

Does Voltaren Gel help bursitis?

When to use? Voltaren Emulgel is used to treat pain and inflammation of muscles, joints, tendons and ligaments, due to sprains and strains, sports injuries (eg. tennis elbow) and soft tissue rheumatism (eg. bursitis; tendinitis).

What vitamin is good for bursitis?

Vitamin C with flavonoids to help repair connective tissue (such as cartilage). Vitamin C supplements may interact with other medications, including chemotherapy drugs, estrogen, warfarin (Coumadin), and others. Bromelain , an enzyme that comes from pineapples, reduces inflammation.