What is produced by the Apothecia?

Apothecia are the sexual fruiting bodies produced by the polyphyletic group of ascomycete fungi commonly referred to as discomycetes (Leotiomycetes and Pezizomycetes). Sclerotinia sclerotiurum is a homothallic Leotiomycete fungus. It produces stipitate apothecia that originate from inside the sclerotium.

What do ascocarps produce?

These species have septate, mycelium and produce asci and ascospores that are borne in an ascocarp. There are four types of ascocarps recognized; cleistothecium, perithecium, apothecium and ascostroma. The latter is a acavity that has been produced in a stroma to accomodate the asci and ascospores.

What is the function of ascocarp?

The Ascocarp is a fruiting structure of fungi. It belongs to the family phylum Ascomycota. If the ascocarp is in a bowl-like structure it is known as apothecia. If it takes a spherical or flask-like structure and forms an opening to release spores is known as perithecia.

What are ascocarps Where are they produced?

Ascocarps are fruiting bodies which enclose asci (sing. Ascus) and ascospores. They are produced in some higher forms of Ascomycetes (Kingdom : Fungi). Examples – Peziza, Morchella, Claviceps, Erysiphe, etc.

What type of ascocarp does Peziza produce?

One of the most ubiquitous fungi is the domicile cup fungus (Peziza domiciliana), a member of the large family Pezizaceae in the fungal class Ascomycota. The fruiting body is a cup-shaped ascocarp, morphologically the same structure produced by the fungal symbiont (mycobiont) of lichens and many other fungi.

What phylum is lichen ascocarps?

ascocarp, also called ascoma, plural ascomata, fruiting structure of fungi of the phylum Ascomycota (kingdom Fungi). It arises from vegetative filaments (hyphae) after sexual reproduction has been initiated.

What do basidia produce?

In Class Basidiomycota organisms reproduce sexually using a club-shaped structure, called a basidium, that produces basidiospores. They can also reproduce asexually by producing hardened spores (conidia) from specialized cell structures (conidiophores), extending from hyphae.

What is the difference between ascocarp and basidiocarp?

The key difference between Ascocarp and Basidiocarp is that the ascocarp is the fruiting body of ascomycete that produces ascospores while the basidiocarp is the fruiting body of basidiomycete that produces basidiospores.

What is the function of the basidiocarp?

Basidiocarp is a fruiting body in basidiomycetes. It bears basidium where basidiospores are formed during sexual reproduction.

Where are conidia produced?

conidium, a type of asexual reproductive spore of fungi (kingdom Fungi) usually produced at the tip or side of hyphae (filaments that make up the body of a typical fungus) or on special spore-producing structures called conidiophores. The spores detach when mature.

What is the fruiting body of Peziza called?

A fruiting body of species of Peziza is mostly cup or disc-shaped called an apothecium. The apothecia are mostly sessile but sometimes stalked, minute to very large (0.5-10.0 cm or more in diameter), brightly colored (but lacking carotenoids) to dark brown; smooth, velvety, hairy or bristly[3].

How do Peziza reproduce?

Peziza reproduces both asexually and sexually. Excepting the formation of ascospores, asexual reproduction is rare, and takes place by means of conidia. At the time of sexual reproduction, there arises from the mycelium a conspicuous fruit body known as the apothecium.

Where is Peziza found?

It has been found in a wide range of locations, including carpets in living rooms, shower stalls, damp closets, behind refrigerators, around leaky water beds, in cellars, greenhouses, under porches, walls in school rooms, and in cars.

Where are the ascospores in Peziza?

The asci and paraphyses are arranged perpendicular to the surface of the hymenium, and are almost parallel to each other. Each ascus contains eight ascospores. Each Ascospore germinates into a new mycelium.

What is the common name for Peziza?

Peziza violacea, commonly known as the violet fairy cup or the violet cup fungus, is a species of fungus in the genus Peziza of the family Pezizaceae. As both it common names and specific epithet suggest, the cup-shaped fruiting bodies are violet colored on the interior surface.

What are the structures of Peziza?

description. Peziza, which contains about 50 widespread species, produces in summer a cup-shaped fruiting body or mushroomlike structure on rotting wood or manure. Fire fungus is the common name for two genera (Pyronema and Anthracobia) of the order that grow on burned wood or steamed soil.

What phylum does coprinus belong?

inky cap, (genus Coprinus), any member of a group of about 350 cosmopolitan mushroom species belonging to the order Agaricales (phylum Basidiomycota, kingdom Fungi) named for the disintegration of the mushroom cap into an inklike liquid following spore discharge.

Is Peziza a mushroom?

Peziza means a sort of mushroom without a root or stalk. Microscopic features: Spores 11–16 x 6–10 µm; smooth; elliptical; without oil droplets.

Are Pezizaceae edible?

Culinary Notes. Although generally considered to be edible provided it has been thoroughly cooked, the Bay Cup Peziza badia is not highly rated as an esculent. This cup fungus is poisonous if eaten raw or inadequately cooked, when it can cause seriously unpleasant stomach upsets.

What type of fungus is Peziza?

saprophytic cup fungi

Peziza is a large genus of saprophytic cup fungi that grow on the ground, rotting wood, or dung. Most members of this genus are of unknown edibility and are difficult to identify as separate species without use of microscopy. The polyphyletic genus has been estimated to contain over 100 species.

Is the ebony cup fungus edible?

Edibility. Pseudoplectania nigrella is considered inedible. It has no distinctive taste or odor.

Are Devil’s Urn edible?

Edibility. This species is often listed in field guides as inedible, or not recommended for consumption due to its tough texture. Michael Kuo, in his 2007 book on edible mushrooms, lists the taste as “mediocre”, and comments “the devil’s urn is not as bad as I thought it was going to be.

Where is coprinus found?

Coprinus comatus is a common edible found in North American and European grasslands. It is a conspicuous mushroom, with a cylindrical white shaggy cap that becomes bell shaped as the mushroom matures and secretes a black liquid that is filled with spores.

Can you eat devil’s urn?

Urnula craterium, popularly known as the black tulip or the Devil’s Urn, is one of those fungi whose usefulness is subject to some debate. Some mycolgdescribe it as edible (even delicious!