The post-Freudian theory of Erik Erikson acts as an extension to the infantile developmental stages of Freud incorporating stages of adolescence, adulthood, and old age. The suggestion of Erikson is that contributing to the formation of personality is a psychosocial struggle during each stage.
- 1 What does post-Freudian mean?
- 2 What is the Freudian theory in psychology?
- 3 Who disagreed with Freud?
- 4 Is Erik Erikson a neo-Freudian?
- 5 How did Alfred Adler agree with Freud?
- 6 What was Alfred Adler theory?
- 7 What is the main difference between Freud and neo-Freudians?
- 8 What led to the emergence of the post Freudians describe the theories given by the neo-Freudians to understand personality?
- 9 Who supported Freud?
- 10 In what ways did the neo-Freudians change Freudian psychoanalysis?
- 11 How do the post Freudians differ from Freud?
- 12 How did the neo-Freudians modify Freud’s theory and how does modern psychodynamic theory differ from that of Freud’s?
- 13 How did Erikson modify Freud’s theory?
- 14 How do Erikson and Freud differ?
- 15 What did Erikson and Freud agree on?
- 16 Is Erikson theory nature or nurture?
- 17 Why is Erik Erikson theory important?
- 18 What type of psychologist was Erikson?
- 19 What is the meaning of the term psycho social by Erik Erickson?
- 20 What are the key concepts of Erikson theory?
- 21 What are the 8 stages of life according to Erikson?
What does post-Freudian mean?
Definition of post-Freudian
: following the introduction and widespread recognition of the psychoanalytic theories and practices of Sigmund Freud post-Freudian psychoanalysis The Switch squeezes fresh laughs out of what is, in essence, a rather startlingly post-Freudian …
What is the Freudian theory in psychology?
Freudian theory suggests that as children develop, they progress through a series of psychosexual stages. At each stage, the libido’s pleasure-seeking energy is focused on a different part of the body. The five stages of psychosexual development are:7. The oral stage: The libidinal energies are focused on the mouth.
Who disagreed with Freud?
Jung’s split from Freud was based on two major disagreements. First, Jung, like Adler and Erikson, did not accept that sexual drive was the primary motivator in a person’s mental life. Second, although Jung agreed with Freud’s concept of a personal unconscious, he thought it to be incomplete.
Is Erik Erikson a neo-Freudian?
Some of the notable neo-Freudians are Alfred Adler, Carl Jung, Erik Erikson, and Karen Horney. The neo-Freudian approaches have been criticized, because they tend to be philosophical rather than based on sound scientific research.
How did Alfred Adler agree with Freud?
Alfred Adler believed that Freud’s theories focused too heavily on sex as the primary motivator for human behavior. 3 Instead, Adler placed a lesser emphasis on the role of the unconscious and a greater focus on interpersonal and social influences.
What was Alfred Adler theory?
Adler’s theory suggested that every person has a sense of inferiority. From childhood, people work toward overcoming this inferiority by “striving for superiority.” Adler believed that this drive was the motivating force behind human behaviors, emotions, and thoughts.
What is the main difference between Freud and neo-Freudians?
The neo-Freudians were psychologists whose work followed from Freud’s. They generally agreed with Freud that childhood experiences matter, but they decreased the emphasis on sex and focused more on the social environment and effects of culture on personality.
What led to the emergence of the post Freudians describe the theories given by the neo-Freudians to understand personality?
Freud attracted many followers who modified his ideas to create new theories about personality. These theorists, referred to as neo-Freudians, generally agreed with Freud that childhood experiences matter, but deemphasized sex, focusing more on the social environment and effects of culture on personality.
Who supported Freud?
Through his work with respected French neurologist Jean-Martin Charcot, Freud became fascinated with the emotional disorder known as hysteria. 1 Later, Freud and his friend and mentor Dr. Josef Breuer introduced him to the case study of a patient known as Anna O., who was really a woman named Bertha Pappenheim.
In what ways did the neo-Freudians change Freudian psychoanalysis?
In what ways did the neo-Freudians change Freudian psychoanalysis? Place less emphasis on biological forces as influences on personality, more credit was given to the impact of social and psychological forces.
How do the post Freudians differ from Freud?
The neo-Freudians were psychologists whose work followed from Freud’s. They generally agreed with Freud that childhood experiences matter, but they decreased the emphasis on sex as a source of energy and conflict while focusing more on the social environment and effects of culture on personality.
How did the neo-Freudians modify Freud’s theory and how does modern psychodynamic theory differ from that of Freud’s?
11.3 How did Jung, Adler, Horney, and Erikson modify Freud’s theory? The neo-Freudians changed the focus of psychoanalysis to fit their own interpretation of the personality, leading to the more modern version known as the psychodynamic perspective. Jung developed a theory of a collective unconscious.
How did Erikson modify Freud’s theory?
While Freud believed that personality is shaped only in childhood, Erikson proposed that personality development takes place all through the lifespan. Erikson suggested that how we interact with others is what affects our sense of self, or what he called the ego identity.
How do Erikson and Freud differ?
The two theories of development both focus on the importance of early experiences, but there are notable differences between Freud’s and Erikson’s ideas. Freud centered on the importance of feeding, while Erikson was more concerned with how responsive caretakers are to a child’s needs.
What did Erikson and Freud agree on?
Both Erikson and Freud agreed that human development occurs in distinct stages. They chose similar ages that mark these stages of development. This makes it easy to compare each theorist’s stages of development to one another. Both theorists also recognized unconscious factors in development.
Is Erikson theory nature or nurture?
Erikson, like Freud, was largely concerned with how personality and behaviour is influenced after birth – not before birth – and especially during childhood. In the ‘nature v nurture’ (genes v experience) debate, Erikson was firmly focused on nurture and experience.
Why is Erik Erikson theory important?
Why is Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development important? Its importance lies in the fact that it provides a holistic view of development throughout the entire lifespan. It also stresses on the influence of social relationships on development.
What type of psychologist was Erikson?
Erikson was a neo-Freudian psychologist who accepted many of the central tenets of Freudian theory but added his own ideas and beliefs. His theory of psychosocial development is centered on what is known as the epigenetic principle, which proposes that all people go through a series of eight stages.
Psychosocial development is just a fancy phrase that refers to how a person’s individual needs (psycho) mesh with the needs or demands of society (social). According to Erikson, a person passes through eight developmental stages that build on each other. At each stage we face a crisis.
What are the key concepts of Erikson theory?
The key idea in Erikson’s theory is that the individual faces a conflict at each stage, which may or may not be successfully resolved within that stage. For example, he called the first stage ‘Trust vs Mistrust’. If the quality of care is good in infancy, the child learns to trust the world to meet her needs.
What are the 8 stages of life according to Erikson?
- Stage 1: Trust vs. Mistrust.
- Stage 2: Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt.
- Stage 3: Initiative vs. Guilt.
- Stage 4: Industry vs. Inferiority.
- Stage 5: Identity vs. Confusion.
- Stage 6: Intimacy vs. Isolation.
- Stage 7: Generativity vs. Stagnation.
- Stage 8: Integrity vs. Despair.