What is kidney tuberculosis?

What is Renal Tuberculosis? Renal tuberculosis (renal TB) or tuberculosis of the kidney is a type of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis that affects the kidney. Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis refers to tuberculosis that affects an organ outside the lungs.

What causes Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis?

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is the inflammatory sequela of a suppurative pyogenic infection in an obstructed kidney, usually caused by staghorn calculi (70% of cases). It is usually unilateral, and Proteus species and E. coli are the most common infective agents.

What causes Xanthogranulomatous?

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis is a rare and aggressive variant of chronic pyelonephritis. It usually occurs due to chronic nephrolithiasis and infection.

What is the definitive management for Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis?

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a surgically managed disease that is treated with either nephrectomy or, in rare circumstances, partial nephrectomy. Antibiotics are used in all cases, but medical care rarely suffices for treatment.