What is in the femoral sheath?

The three compartments of the femoral sheath include: The lateral compartment, which contains the femoral artery and femoral branch of genitofemoral nerve. The middle compartment, which contains the femoral vein. The medial compartment, where the femoral canal and lymphatics course through.

What makes up the femoral sheath?

Structure. The femoral sheath is formed by a prolongation downward, behind the inguinal ligament, of the abdominal fascia, the transverse fascia being continued down in front of the femoral vessels and the iliac fascia behind them.

What does the femoral sheath enclose?

The femoral sheath itself is an extension of transversalis and iliopsoas fascia that encloses the proximal parts of the femoral vessels 3-4 cm inferior to the inguinal ligament.

What is contained in the femoral canal?

The femoral canal occupies the most medial compartment of the femoral sheath, extending from the femoral ring above to the saphenous opening below. It contains fat, lymphatic vessels and the lymph node of Cloquet.

What is found in the femoral triangle?

The floor of the femoral triangle is comprised of the adductor longus, pectineus (medially), psoas major and illiacus muscles (laterally). The floor is gutter shaped since all the muscles forming the floor pass to the posterior aspect of the femur.

Is femoral sheath in femoral triangle?

Femoral sheath

The sheath is funnel-shaped, and best described as a sleeve of fascia extending towards the apex of the femoral triangle, where it fuses with the adventitia of the vessels. It is continuous superiorly with the transversalis fascia and iliac fascia of the abdomen.

What is the adductor canal?

The adductor canal (AC), also known as the subsartorial or Hunter’s canal, is a conical musculoaponeurotic tunnel passing through the distal portion of the middle third of the thigh. It functions as a passageway for several neurovascular structures from the femoral triangle to the adductor hiatus.

Where is the adductor hiatus?

The adductor hiatus (AH) can be described as an opening in the aponeurotic distal attachment of adductor magnus muscle, which transmits the femoral artery and vein from the adductor canal in the thigh to the popliteal fossa (1).

How do you remove a femoral sheath?

The Correct Way to Pull a Sheath

  1. Take your index, middle and sometimes your ring finger, and place them slightly above the sheath to feel the patient’s pulse. …
  2. Slowly remove the sheath in a sterile manner, holding occlusive pressure to avoid bleeding.

What goes through femoral ring?

Femoral hernia is a protrusion of abdominal contents through the femoral ring, which is the point below the inguinal ligament where the blood vessels enter the leg.

Where is the femoral sheath?


The femoral sheath attaches superiorly to the inguinal and lacunar ligaments and resides completely in the thigh. The femoral sheath is funnel-shaped, blending distally into the vessels adventitia.

Is femoral canal same as femoral triangle?

The femoral canal is the medial compartment of the femoral sheath, an inverted cone-shaped fascial space medial to the common femoral vein within the upper femoral triangle. It is only 1-2 cm long and opens superiorly as the femoral ring.

Is femoral nerve in femoral sheath?

Femoral nerve – Which innervates the anterior compartment of the thigh. Femoral sheath containing: Femoral artery and branches – Arterial supply for majority of the lower limb; Femoral vein – The great saphenous vein drains into the femoral vein within the triangle; Femoral canal – Contains lymph nodes and vessels.

What does the obturator nerve do?

The obturator nerve (L2–L4) supplies the pectineus; adductor (longus, brevis, and magnus); gracilis; and external obturator muscles. This nerve controls adduction and rotation of the thigh. A small cutaneous zone on the internal thigh is supplied by sensory fibers.

What does femoral nerve pain feel like?

Symptoms may include any of the following: Sensation changes in the thigh, knee, or leg, such as decreased sensation, numbness, tingling, burning, or pain. Weakness of the knee or leg, including difficulty going up and down stairs — especially down, with a feeling of the knee giving way or buckling.

What happens when the femoral nerve is damaged?

One risk of damage to the femoral nerve is pelvic fracture. Symptoms of femoral nerve damage include impaired movement and/or sensation in the leg, and weakness. If the cause of the femoral nerve dysfunction can be identified and successfully treated, there is a possibility of full recovery.

How do you know if your femoral nerve is damaged?

What are the signs of femoral nerve problems? Pain that radiates from your back and hips into your legs (radicular pain) is a common sign of femoral nerve damage. Other symptoms include: Leg, ankle or foot numbness, weakness, tingling, paralysis or pain.

How is femoral nerve treated?

Femoral Neuropathy Treatment

Your doctor may recommend physical therapy or splints or other assistive devices to make walking easier and safer. If you have a tumor or other type of growth causing compression of the nerve, your doctor may recommend surgery to remove it and relieve the pressure.

How do you release a trapped femoral nerve?

Kneeling on one knee, with your foot resting on a chair behind you. Tuck your bottom under and lunge slightly forwards into hip extension. Once you feel a gentle stretch slowly curl your head an upper back down to intensify the stretch for a few seconds then repeat.

Does femoral nerve damage go away?

Femoral neuropathy, or femoral nerve dysfunction, occurs when you can’t move or feel part of your leg because of damaged nerves, specifically the femoral nerve. This can result from an injury, prolonged pressure on the nerve, or damage from disease. In most cases, this condition will go away without treatment.

Can a chiropractor help with femoral nerve entrapment?

Chiropractic is a common technique used for femoral neuropathy as it incorporates, adjustments, interferential stimulation, low level laser, massage, thumper, acupuncture and exercises to relieve the tight muscle group.

Why is femoral nerve pain worse at night?

At night our body temperature fluctuates and goes down a bit. Most people tend to sleep in a cooler room as well. The thought is that damaged nerves might interpret the temperature change as pain or tingling, which can heighten the sense of neuropathy.

Does Vicks Vapor Rub help neuropathy pain?

Vicks Vapor Rub® – Massaging one’s feet with Vicks, particularly at night, soothes neuropathic pain and distress in one’s feet and legs. It is also excellent for softening your toe nails and diminishing common toe nail problems.

What is the best tablet for nerve pain?

The main medicines recommended for neuropathic pain include:

  • amitriptyline – also used for treatment of headaches and depression.
  • duloxetine – also used for treatment of bladder problems and depression.
  • pregabalin and gabapentin – also used to treat epilepsy, headaches or anxiety.