What is conditional reasoning in occupational therapy?

Conditional reasoning involves the understanding of. clients’ disabilities in specific life contexts. Therapists using conditional rea- soning need to integrate clients’ deficits in each performance component, each occupational performance area and each environment with their needs.

What is pragmatic reasoning in occupational therapy?

Pragmatic reasoning considers issues such as reimbursement, therapists’ skills, and equipment availability. To be comprehensive, further study of clinical reasoning should include these contextual issues as an inherent part of the clinical reasoning process.

What is ethical reasoning in occupational therapy?

Ethical reasoning may require not only problem solving skills but also understanding of dif- ferent moral codes and possibly religious beliefs. The occupational therapist already has an ethical responsi- bility for practice.

Why is professional reasoning important in occupational therapy?

Background/Aim. Professional reasoning in occupational therapy is the process used by practitioners to plan, direct, perform, and reflect on client care. The professional’s ability to manage the process of the intervention is structured around it, thereby influencing the effectiveness of the work carried out.

What is the therapeutic reasoning process?

Therapeutic reasoning is the cognitive thought process that guides planning, directing, per- forming, and reflecting on client care (Schell & Schell, 2007).

What is pragmatic reasoning?

Pragmatic reasoning is defined as the process of finding the intended meaning(s) of the given, and it is suggested that this amounts to the process of inferring the appropriate context(s) in which to interpret the given.

What are pragmatic reasons?

A pragmatic way of dealing with something is based on practical considerations, rather than theoretical ones.

What do you mean by ethical reasoning?

Ethical reasoning is a type of critical thinking that uses ethical principles and frameworks. It is a process of identifying ethical issues and weighing multiple perspectives to make informed decisions.

What are the core values of occupational therapy?

The occupational therapy profession is grounded in seven longstanding Core Values: Altruism, Equality, Freedom, Justice, Dignity, Truth, and Prudence (AOTA, 1993). The seven Core Values provide a foundation to guide occupational therapy personnel in their interactions with others.

What are the ethical principles?

The 4 main ethical principles, that is beneficence, nonmaleficence, autonomy, and justice, are defined and explained.

Why is procedural reasoning important?

Procedural reasoning guides the therapist in thinking about the patient’s physical performance problems. Interactive reasoning is used when the therapist wants to understand the patient as a person.

How can occupational therapy improve clinical reasoning skills?

Improving your Clinical Judgment

  1. Practice, practice, practice. A good example is running through case studies and problem-based learning scenarios. …
  2. Get feedback. Another way to improve your clinical reasoning skills is by asking for continual feedback. …
  3. Use metacognition.

Why is clinical reasoning important?

WHY IS CLINICAL REASONING IMPORTANT? Nurses with effective clinical reasoning skills have a positive impact on patient outcomes. Conversely, those with poor clinical reasoning skills often fail to detect impending patient deterioration resulting in a “failure-to-rescue” (Aiken, Clarke, Cheung, Sloane, & Silber, 2003).

What are the three elements of clinical reasoning?

Clinical reasoning may be characterized into three elements: scientific, ethical, and artistic.

What are steps in clinical reasoning?

The various phases of clinical reasoning include:

  • Consideration of facts from the patient or situation. This is the phase where you are first presented with a clinical case. …
  • Collection of information. …
  • Processing gathered information. …
  • Identify the problem. …
  • Establish goals. …
  • Take action. …
  • Evaluation. …
  • Reflection.

How can I improve my clinical reasoning skills?

Top 10 Strategies for Building Clinical Reasoning Skills

  1. Prioritize. Apply. …
  2. Use formative assessment. …
  3. Work around clinical shortages. …
  4. Personalize the experience. …
  5. Tell a story. …
  6. Maximize manikin-based simulations. …
  7. Apply real-world, evidence-based scenarios. …
  8. Flip the classroom and the sim lab.

What is the difference between critical thinking and clinical reasoning?

Critical thinking is the cognitive processes used for analyzing knowledge. Clinical reasoning is the cognitive and metacognitive processes used for analyzing knowledge relative to a clinical situation or specific patient.

What are clinical reasoning errors?

Most errors in clinical reasoning are not due to incompetence or inadequate knowledge but to frailty of human thinking under conditions of complexity, uncertainty, and pressure of time. To minimise such cognitive error we need to understand its prevalence and causes.

What is clinical reasoning skills?

Clinical reasoning is a core competency expected to be acquired by all clinicians. It is the ability to integrate and apply different types of knowledge, weigh evidence critically and reflect upon the process used to arrive at a diagnosis.

What factors influence clinical reasoning?

The factors affecting clinical reasoning include not only the individual mental processes of therapist but also the specific tools of practice and subtle influences such as cultural expectations embedded in the practice settings and client perceptions of what constitutes “good therapy” (21, 22).

How do you assess clinical reasoning?

Similar to OCPs, clinical reasoning may be assessed from multiple features of a note, particularly the summary statement (an encapsulation of the case containing key features and semantic qualifiers), problem list, prioritization of the differential diagnosis, justification, and management plan.