What is catatonic behavior in schizophrenia?

catatonic schizophrenia, rare severe mental disorder characterized by striking motor behaviour, typically involving either significant reductions in voluntary movement or hyperactivity and agitation. In some cases, the patient may remain in a state of almost complete immobility, often assuming statuesque positions.

What is catatonic Behaviour?

Catatonia is a group of symptoms that usually involve a lack of movement and communication, and also can include agitation, confusion, and restlessness. Until recently, it was thought of as a type of schizophrenia.

What is an example of catatonic behavior?

For example, such a person may move their body erratically or not at all. This state may continue for minutes, hours, even days. Symptoms of catatonic schizophrenia may include: stupor (a state close to unconsciousness)

How does schizophrenia cause catatonia?

Causes of catatonic schizophrenia

Experts believe that an imbalance of dopamine, a neurotransmitter, is involved in the onset of schizophrenia. They believe that this imbalance is most likely caused by genes that make someone susceptible to the illness.

What causes catatonic behavior?

Some experts believe that having an excess or lack of neurotransmitters causes catatonia. Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that carry messages from one neuron to the next. One theory is that a sudden reduction in dopamine, a neurotransmitter, causes catatonia.

What is the difference between schizophrenia and catatonic schizophrenia?

Catatonic schizophrenia is one feature of a serious mental illness called schizophrenia. Schizophrenia prevents you from separating what’s real from what’s not, a state of mind called a psychosis. Catatonic schizophrenia affects the way you move in extreme ways. You might stay totally still and mute.

What are the two types of catatonia?

Catatonia is a clinical syndrome characterized by a distinct constellation of psychomotor disturbances. Two subtypes have been described: Retarded and excited.

What does catatonia look like?

The most common signs of catatonia are immobility, mutism, withdrawal and refusal to eat, staring, negativism, posturing (rigidity), rigidity, waxy flexibility/catalepsy, stereotypy (purposeless, repetitive movements), echolalia or echopraxia, verbigeration (repeat meaningless phrases).

What medical conditions cause catatonia?

Historically, catatonia is related to schizophrenia and other mental illnesses, such as severe depression, bipolar disorder, and psychosis.

How do you help a catatonic person?

Doctors often prescribe benzodiazepines as the first-line treatment for catatonia. Benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam (Ativan), have anxiety-relieving and muscle-relaxing properties. A doctor can administer the medicine intravenously (IV) if a person is unable to take it orally.

Can you recover from catatonia?

Most patients respond well to catatonia treatment, with up to 80% achieving relief through benzodiazepines or barbiturates and the remainder showing improvement from ECT. However, some patients seem to be resistant to treatment, particularly ECT.

What medication helps with catatonia?

Medication Summary

Medications that may be used in the treatment of patients suffering from catatonia include benzodiazepines, carbamazepine, zolpidem, tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), muscle relaxants, amobarbital, reserpine, thyroid hormone, lithium carbonate, bromocriptine, and neuroleptics.