What is a Xiphoid?

The xiphoid process is the smallest region of the sternum, or breastbone. It’s made up of cartilage at birth but develops into bone in adulthood. It’s located where the lower ribs attach to the breastbone. The tip of the xiphoid process resembles a sword.

What causes Xiphoid?

Anterior displacement of the xiphoid process may be the result of significant weight gain. Repeated trauma of the afflicted area, unaccustomed heavy lifting, exercise, and perichondritis are, amongst other causes, believed to contribute to the development of xiphodynia.

What is a Xiphoid lump?

It is also possible for the area to become inflamed, causing a lump to develop around the lower sternum. This lump is a result of inflammation but can often be mistaken for a more serious medical condition, such as a tumor.

Is Xiphoid normal?

The small hard lump at the lower end of the sternum (breastbone) is normal. It is called the xiphoid process. You can feel it. It is more prominent in babies and slender children.

What causes the xiphoid process to swell?

This is inflammation of Xiphoid process, which is the terminal part of sternum (bon ein centre of chest). This can occur due to trauma, obesity, gastroesophageal reflux or without any cause. Important is to rule out any heart problems by doing a baseline ECG.

How do you fix xiphoid process?

Treatment for xiphoid process pain depends on the underlying cause and the severity of your symptoms. If symptoms occur after a recent trauma, your doctor may prescribe a prescription anti-inflammatory to relieve pain, or recommend alternating between hot and cold therapy throughout the day.

What happens if you press the xiphoid process?

Pressure on the xiphoid process should be avoided when administering chest compressions in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as this can cause the xiphoid process to break and detach, resulting in punctures or lacerations of the diaphragm.

Can xiphoid process affect breathing?

If the xiphoid process pulls inward during inhalation, it is called a reversed diaphragmatic action. This can be caused by a newborn’s first breath being a gasp-like action, and can be seen in a newborn whose breathing is strained.

How big is the xiphoid process?

about 2 to 5 cm

Externally the xiphoid process can be located in the epigastric region of the anterior thoracic wall. It is about 2 to 5 cm in length and is triangular. At birth, the xiphoid is pure cartilage. The xiphoid process is made up of 2 types of cartilage.

Is the xiphoid process a flat bone?

Shaped roughly like a necktie, it is one of the largest and longest flat bones of the body. Its three regions are the manubrium, the body, and the xiphoid process.

FMA 7485
Anatomical terms of bone

What level is the xiphoid process?

xiphoid process (X) -xipersternal joint – level T9-T10.

Why might the xiphoid process be missing?

Why might the xiphoid process be missing from the sternum in a set of human remains? a. The remains are from an adult younger than 40 years of age, and the hyaline cartilage does not preserve as well as bone.

What is under your xiphoid process?

The xiphoid process is the lowest and smallest part of the sternum. It articulates with the inferior portion of the 7th costal cartilage and provides attachment for rectus abdominis, transversus abdominis aponeurosis, transversus thoracis and the abdominal diaphragm.