What is a psychological skills training program?

Psychological skills training (PST) involves training athletes and exercisers to learn psychological skills (e.g., relaxation skills) that help these performers regulate their psychological state (e.g., their feelings of confidence).

What is psychological skill training?

“Psychological skills training (PST) refers to the systematic and consistent practice of mental or psychological skills for the purpose of enhancing performance, increasing enjoyment, or achieving greater sport and physical activity self-satisfaction” (Weinberg & Gould, 2007, p. 250).

What is psychological skills training examples?

Goal setting, self-talk, mental imagery and mental rehearsal, and relaxation are the four most prominent PST methods used by athletes. Like technical or tactical aspects of a sport, they must be learned, developed, and practiced by the athlete.

What is the main goal of a psychological skills training program?

The Psychological Skill Training Program. The PST program will focus on optimising performance by improving self-efficacy and emotional control. To improve these psychological skills, the athlete will complete sessions using goal setting, imagery and relaxation.

What are the 3 stages of psychological skills training?

A psychological skills training program comprises three phases: Education: The knowledge that the mental side of performance is important. Acquisition: Undertaking the strategies and techniques to develop the mental skills. Practice Phase: Putting the strategies and techniques into practice.

What are the 5 psychological skills?

5 Key Psychological Skills of Elite Performers

  • Cognitive Restructuring.
  • Self-Regulation.
  • Mental Rehearsal.
  • Self-talk.
  • Goal Setting.


How do you develop a psychological skills training program?


Performance a is to eradicate any negative thoughts and replace them with a positive state. Attention control looks changing focus of attention to detect relevant cues.

How many phases are in the PST program?

Applications and results of the studies highlight that PST should be designed with three distinct phases: education, acquisition and practice phases [9, 14].

How long should a mental skills program be?

10,000 hours to be exact. That is three hours a day of deliberate practice for 10 years.

How many phases are in the PST program and give an example in sport for each of them?

PST takes many forms, but each usually has three phases: the education phase, during which athletes learn about the importance of psychological skills and how they affect performance; the acquisition phase, during which athletes learn about the strategies and techniques to improve the specific psychological skills that

How can I improve my psychology skills?

Practice Your Skills



Like any other skill, your psychological skills can improve with practice. And you don’t have to wait for high-stakes situations to practice. Use these psychological skills in a variety of situations–sales meetings, performance reviews, cold calls, or everyday projects.

What are psychosocial skills definition?

Psychosocial skills training refers to a set of methods and practices used to assist individuals with psychological or emotional problems or disorders that affect their ability to interact in a socially appropriate manner.