What happens during a Cystogram?

During cystography, the healthcare provider will insert a thin tube called a urinary catheter and inject contrast dye into your bladder. The contrast dye will let the healthcare provider see your bladder more clearly. He or she will take X-rays of the bladder. Cystography is sometimes combined with other procedures.

How long does it take to do a cystogram?

Once enough x-ray images are taken, the contrast will be slowly let out of your bladder through the catheter. More x-rays will be taken to make sure no contrast is left in your bladder. Your cystogram should take 30 minutes or less.

Are cystogram painful?

Usually, a cystogram is not a painful procedure; however, a patient may complain of some discomfort during the procedure: A patient may feel discomfort when the catheter is inserted.

Can you be put to sleep for a cystogram?

A rigid cystoscopy is where a cystoscope that does not bend is used. You’re either put to sleep for the procedure or the lower half of your body is numbed while it’s carried out.

Is a cystogram the same as a cystoscopy?

A cystogram is very similar to a cystoscopy in terms of the conditions they are used to identify and diagnose.

What is the prep for a cystogram?

Preparing for the test:

There is no specific preparation needed prior to a cystogram. Immediately before the procedure the radiographer will direct you to the rest room so that you may completely empty your bladder.

What is the difference between a CT scan and a cystogram?

CT cystography is a variation of the traditional fluoroscopic cystogram. Instead of anterograde opacification of the urinary collecting system (as with CT urography), contrast is instilled retrograde into the patient’s bladder, and then the pelvis is imaged with CT.

Is a cystoscopy embarrassing?

Cystoscopy may be an embarrassing procedure for the patient. Exposure and handling of the genitalia must be performed with respect. The patient should remain exposed only as long as is necessary to complete the evaluation.

Why does it hurt to pee after a cystoscopy?

Your bladder is filled with fluid. This stretches the bladder so that your doctor can look closely at the inside of your bladder. After the cystoscopy, your urethra may be sore at first, and it may burn when you urinate for the first few days after the procedure.

What can a cystogram diagnose?

During a cystoscopy, a urinary tract specialist (urologist) uses a scope to view the inside of the bladder and urethra. Doctors use cystoscopy to diagnose and treat urinary tract problems. These problems include bladder cancer, bladder control issues, enlarged prostates and urinary tract infections.

Do you have a catheter after a cystoscopy?

After the procedure, the cystoscope will be removed. A catheter (flexible rubber tube) is sometimes left in place to empty your bladder. This may cause some discomfort or a feeling that you need to urinate.

Why do they put dye in your bladder?

Retrograde cystography is an imaging test that uses X-rays to see the bladder. X-rays are made of the bladder after it has been filled with a contrast dye. The dye lets the radiologist see your bladder and nearby tissues more clearly.

Can a cystoscopy see the kidneys?

During a cystoscopy, a cystoscope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. During a ureteroscopy, the urologist will focus on viewing the ureter and lining of the kidney, known as the renal pelvis.

Why would a urologist order a cystoscopy?

A cystoscopy can be used to look for and treat problems in the bladder or urethra. For example, it can be used to: check for the cause of problems such as blood in pee, frequent urinary tract infections (UTIs), problems peeing, and long-lasting pelvic pain.

Can a cystoscopy see the prostate?

Diagnose an enlarged prostate.

Cystoscopy can reveal a narrowing of the urethra where it passes through the prostate gland, indicating an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia).

What will a urologist do on first visit?

The doctor will perform a male genitourinary exam during your first appointment. That is a complete examination of the urinary tract region. The physician will perform a genital exam and a digital rectal exam to explore the prostate. The urologist may evaluate other areas as well.

What happens in a female urology exam?

The test requires a catheter to be placed in the urethra/bladder and rectum. These catheters measure pressures in the bladder and bowel. The bladder is then slowly filled with fluid in an attempt to replicate your bladder filling with urine. You may be asked to cough or strain and void/urinate during the study.

How does a urologist examine you?

Urinalysis, blood tests and semen samples. For these tests, you provide samples of your urine, blood and semen. (You might want to make sure you drink some water before you go to your appointment since you might be asked for a urine sample there.) Imaging tests, such as ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scans.

Do urologists treat females?

Urologists are trained to treat problems that affect the urinary tract. This is a system of muscles, tubes and organs, such as the kidneys. Urologists also treat problems with the reproductive system in both men and women. Some women may want to see a urogynecologist.

How do I know if my bladder is overactive?


  1. Feel a sudden urge to urinate that’s difficult to control.
  2. Experience unintentional loss of urine immediately after an urgent need to urinate (urgency incontinence)
  3. Urinate frequently, usually eight or more times in 24 hours.
  4. Wake up more than two times in the night to urinate (nocturia)

Why should a woman see a urologist?

One of the top reasons a woman would see a urologist is for the diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections (UTIs). According to the Urology Care Foundation, UTIs cause more than 8.1 million visits to health care providers each year and 60 of those cases are women.

Does a gynecologist deal with bladder issues?

One of the more embarrassing topics people of both genders may need to discuss with a physician is urinary incontinence, and this issue can definitely be addressed for women by a gynecologist. Many women endure urinary incontinence at some point in their lives.

What is delivering a baby called?

An obstetrician specializes in obstetrics, which deals with all aspects of pregnancy, from prenatal care to post-natal care. An obstetrician delivers babies, whereas a gynecologist does not.

What is the male version of a gynecologist?


Gynecologists specialize in women’s sexual and reproductive health care. Physicians who specialize in men’s sexual and reproductive health care — including the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the male sex and reproductive organs — are called urologists.

How do you tell if your bladder has dropped?


  1. frequent voiding or the urge to pass urine.
  2. urinary incontinence (unwanted loss of urine)
  3. not feeling relief right after voiding.
  4. frequent urinary tract infections.
  5. pain in the vagina, pelvis, lower abdomen, groin or lower back.
  6. heaviness or pressure in the vaginal area.
  7. sex that is painful.

Can woman’s uterus fall out?

Uterine prolapse occurs when pelvic floor muscles and ligaments stretch and weaken and no longer provide enough support for the uterus. As a result, the uterus slips down into or protrudes out of the vagina. Uterine prolapse can occur in women of any age.

What does it mean when you can’t empty your bladder?

When the bladder is full, you urinate and the waste leaves your body. However, if you have urinary retention, your bladder doesn’t completely empty when you urinate. This can happen to both men and women and it can be caused by things like blockages, medications or nerve issues.