What does mutual entailment mean?

Mutual entailment refers to the relations between two stimuli. For example, if you are told that A = B, you can derive that B = A. That is, the specified A = B relation mutually entails the (symmetrical) B = A relation. Combinatorial entailment refers to the relations among three or more stimuli.

How are mutual entailment and combinatorial entailment different?

“Mutual entailment” applies if stimulus A is related to another stimulus B in a specific context, and as a result a relation between B and A is entailed in that context. Combinatorial entailment refers to instances in which two or more relations that have acquired the property of mutual entailment mutually combine.

What does combinatorial entailment mean?

What does combinatorial entailment mean? Two or more stimulus relations can mutually combine to form new relations.

What is RFT therapy?

Relational frame therapy is a psychological theory of language. RFT argues that humans can create links between concepts, words and images and that this unit of relating is an essential building block of ‘higher cognition’ – or human ability to connect.

What does it mean when we say that a relational frame is arbitrarily applicable?

Arbitrarily applicable relational responding refers to responding based on relations that are arbitrarily applied between the stimuli. That is to say the relations applied between the stimuli are not supported by the physical properties of said stimuli, but for example based on social convention or social whim.

What does entailment mean in psychology?

Mutual entailment refers to the relations between two stimuli. For example, if you are told that A = B, you can derive that B = A. That is, the specified A = B relation mutually entails the (symmetrical) B = A relation. Combinatorial entailment refers to the relations among three or more stimuli.

What is entailment and example?

In pragmatics (linguistics), entailment is the relationship between two sentences where the truth of one (A) requires the truth of the other (B). For example, the sentence (A) The president was assassinated. entails (B) The president is dead.

What are derived stimulus relations?

Definition: A relation between two or more stimuli that is not directly trained and not based on physical properties of the stimuli.

What is transfer of function in ABA?

Transfer of function occurs when a response trained in the presence of one stimulus in a derived relation modifies the function of another stimulus or stimuli without direct training (Dymond & Rehfeldt, 2000) .

What is transformation of function ABA?

The transformation of stimulus functions is said to occur when the functions of one stimulus alter or transform the functions of another stimulus in accordance with the derived relation between the two, without additional training.

What is a relational framework?

Relational frame theory is a modern behavior analytic approach to language which aims to better understand the link between human language and behavior.

How does equivalence training relate to RFT?

1) Stimulus equivalence is an empirical phenomenon; RFT is a behavioral theory about how that phenomenon (and other phenomena) comes about. In other words, RFT provides an operant analysis of how/why people are able to form equivalence classes.

What is stimulus equivalence in ABA?

the condition in which two or more related stimuli elicit the same response. Stimuli meet the mathematical definition of equivalence if they can be shown to exhibit reflexivity, symmetry, and transitivity.

What is precision teaching in ABA?

Precision teaching is an evidence-based approach to behavior therapy that can be combined with applied behavior analysis (ABA). The approach measures frequency and fluency of behaviors, skills, and tasks.

What are the four types of probe trials in equivalence studies?

The chapter discusses stimulus equivalence and describes experiments in which the reversals of baseline conditional discriminations appear to have different effects across probe trial types (i.e., reflexivity, symmetry, and transitivity/equivalence).

What is the difference between transitivity and stimulus equivalence?

In mathematics and logic, transitive relation is described in a similar manner. Stimulus Equivalence has been achieved when ALL reflexive, symmetrical and transitive matching has been learned. Equivalence Class is the collection of stimuli that evoke the same behavior.

What is symmetry ABA?

Symmetry is a two-way match or recognizing that two stimuli represent the same idea. They are similar. The property of transitivity involves training two stimuli individually with a third and the learner recognizing that the two individually-trained stimuli also have a relation.

How do you train stimulus equivalence?


The second stimulus equivalency is symmetry a equals B and so without any teaching at all the student should be able to derive that e equals. A. If you have a picture of a car and a toy car.

Which part of the three term contingency is the most responsible for stimulus control?

Which part of the 3 term contingency is the most responsible for stimulus control? Antecedents.

What is the best way to thin reinforcement?

Thinning of reinforcement involves a graduallincrease in the amount of appropriate responses required for reinforcement. Reinforcement should move from a thick reinforcement schedule (continuous) to a thinner reinforcement schedule (variable), and should be completed in a systematic manner to avoid ratio strain.

What is successive discrimination?

In a successive discrimination, two (or more) stimuli are presented successively, and responses to one are reinforced whereas responses to the other are not. Of particular interest is the effect that one stimulus has on the other.

What is an example of stimulus discrimination training?

For example, if a child responds “4” in the presence of the question “What is 2 + 2,” the behavior of saying “4” will be reinforced, but saying “4” will not be reinforced in the presence of the question “What is 2 + 5?” Accordingly, the child is trained to discriminate between those stimuli that do and do not signal …

What does SD mean in ABA therapy?

discriminative stimulus

SD, or discriminative stimulus, is formally defined as “a stimulus in the presence of which a particular response will be reinforced” (Malott, 2007).

What does discrimination training look like?

Discrimination training involves reinforcing a behavior (e.g., pecking) in the presence of one stimulus but not others. In the picture to the left, one of the Bailey s chickens was presented with two note cards; one card contained a red circle, while the other card contained a blue circle.