What does hernia mean in medical terms?

What is a hernia? A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other body part protrudes through the wall of muscle or tissue that normally contains it. Most hernias occur within the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips.

What is the medical term for hernia?

Medical Definition of hernia

: a protrusion of an organ or part through connective tissue or through a wall of the cavity in which it is normally enclosed. — called also rupture. — see abdominal hernia, hiatal hernia, strangulated hernia. Other Words from hernia. hernial \ -​nē-​əl \ adjective.

What is the main cause of hernia?

Ultimately, all hernias are caused by a combination of pressure and an opening or weakness of muscle or fascia; the pressure pushes an organ or tissue through the opening or weak spot. Sometimes the muscle weakness is present at birth; more often, it occurs later in life.

How serious is a hernia?

“Hernias cannot heal on their own — if left untreated, they usually get bigger and more painful, and can cause serious health risks in some cases.” If the wall through which the intestine is protruding closes shut, it can cause a strangulated hernia, which cuts off blood flow to the bowel.

What are the warning signs of a hernia?

Signs and Symptoms of a Hernia

  • An obvious swelling beneath the skin of the abdomen or the groin. …
  • A heavy feeling in the abdomen that sometimes comes with constipation or blood in the stool.
  • Discomfort in the abdomen or groin when lifting or bending over.
  • A burning or aching sensation at the bulge.

Do hernias go away?

Hernias don’t go away on their own. Only surgery can repair a hernia. Many people are able to delay surgery for months or even years. And some people may never need surgery for a small hernia.

What are the 3 types of hernias?

A hernia happens when an internal organ pushes through a weak spot in your muscle or tissue. There are several types of hernia that you can experience including, inguinal hernias, femoral hernias, umbilical hernias and hiatal hernias.

What happens if a hernia is left untreated?

If it is left untreated, a strangulated hernia can lead to life-threatening conditions such as necrotizing enterocolitis (severe inflammation of intestine) and sepsis. Since hernias can happen to anyone at any age, knowing warning signs of hernias and being aware of them are essential.