What does acute atopic conjunctivitis mean?

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is the result of a condition called “atopy”. Atopy is a genetic condition where your immune system produces higher than normal antibodies in response to a given allergen. Although AKC is a perennial (year round) disease, your symptoms may worsen in the winter.

Is atopic conjunctivitis the same as allergic conjunctivitis?

Allergic conjunctivitis is an inflammatory response of the conjunctiva to an allergen. It is part of a larger systemic atopic reaction and is usually seasonal with associated upper respiratory tract symptoms and complaints of redness and swelling of the conjunctiva with severe itching and increased lacrimation.

Is atopic keratoconjunctivitis curable?

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis needs long-term treatment to prevent complications such as scarring of the cornea (the clear window at the front of the eye), which can damage sight. In the early stages of the disease, symptoms can be controlled by standard anti-allergy drugs.

Is acute atopic conjunctivitis contagious?

A: No, allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious. Unlike viral conjunctivitis, which is caused by a virus, and bacterial conjunctivitis, which is caused by bacteria, allergic conjunctivitis cannot be spread to other people.

What causes acute allergic conjunctivitis?

Exposure to pollen, grass and other airborne allergens causes seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. Perennial allergic conjunctivitis: The perennial form persists throughout the year, and is generally triggered by indoor allergens such as animal dander, dust and mold spores.

What does atopy mean?

Atopy refers to the genetic tendency to develop allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis, asthma and atopic dermatitis (eczema). Atopy is typically associated with heightened immune responses to common allergens, especially inhaled allergens and food allergens.

What virus causes viral conjunctivitis?

The most common cause of viral conjunctivitis is infection with adenovirus, the group of viruses that cause the common cold and many other upper respiratory infections. An adenovirus may cause conjunctivitis without causing any other symptoms in the body.

Is atopic keratoconjunctivitis an autoimmune disease?

Atopy is a genetic condition where your immune system produces higher than normal antibodies in response to a given allergen. Although AKC is a perennial (year round) disease, your symptoms may worsen in the winter.

What is acute atopic conjunctivitis bilateral?

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the eye that occurs predominately between the late teenage years and the fifth decade of life. [1] It is a chronic, bilateral disease that relapses and remits with little to no seasonal correlation (as opposed to vernal keratoconjunctivitis).

Is atopic keratoconjunctivitis a rare disease?

A rare, chronic allergic disease of the cornea and conjunctiva occurring in all age groups, characterized by severe itching and burning sensation, conjunctival injection, photophobia and edema with serious cases leading to ulceration of the cornea which can result in blindness.

How long does it take for allergic conjunctivitis to clear up?

The infection will usually clear up in 7 to 14 days without treatment and without any long-term consequences. However, in some cases, viral conjunctivitis can take 2 to 3 weeks or more to clear up. A doctor can prescribe antiviral medication to treat more serious forms of conjunctivitis.

Does allergic conjunctivitis spread?

Allergic conjunctivitis isn’t contagious, meaning that it can’t be spread from person to person. This is because it’s caused by your body’s reaction to an allergen instead of an infectious organism such as bacteria or a virus. Allergic conjunctivitis is estimated to affect 10 to 30 percent of people.

What is the signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis?

Typical signs and symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis include:

  • Redness in both eyes.
  • Itching and burning of both the eye and surrounding tissues.
  • Watery discharge, often accompanied by acute discomfort in bright sunlight light (photophobia).

How do you fix allergic conjunctivitis?

Oral antihistamines for allergic conjunctivitis are cetirizine, fexofenadine, and loratadine. These are usually taken once a day. Antihistamine eye drops include Alaway and Zaditor. . The eye drops will relieve symptoms in the eyes, but the oral dose will also help treat a runny nose and other symptoms.

What can you get for conjunctivitis?

In severe cases, antibiotic eye drops can be used to clear the infection. Irritant conjunctivitis will clear up as soon as whatever is causing it is removed. Allergic conjunctivitis can usually be treated with anti-allergy medications such as antihistamines.