What causes gingival hyperplasia in dogs?

Gingival hyperplasia refers to a medical conditon in which a dog’s gum (gingival) tissue becomes inflamed and enlarged. Enlargement is typically caused by irritation due to dental plaque or other bacterial growth along the gum line. In many cases, this can be prevented with good oral hygiene habits.

How is gingival hyperplasia treated in dogs?

Gingival hyperplasia is most commonly treated with surgical removal of the excessive proliferative tissue. Gingivoplasty is a procedure that is performed under general anesthesia, often in conjunction with a thorough dental cleaning.

Is gingival hyperplasia painful in dogs?

The teeth may even appear to be missing when, in fact, they are just hidden under overgrown gums. This condition can also interfere with eating if the overgrowth is quite substantial and the dog or cat bites the tissue while chewing food. This condition can obviously be quite painful.

Is gingival hyperplasia in dogs cancerous?

Gingival hyperplasia, or focal fibrous hyperplasia (FFH), is a benign proliferation of the gingiva around the teeth. Boxers carry a strong genetic predisposition for this disease, but any breed of dog can be affected.

Can gingival hyperplasia go away?

In some cases, some other diseases can also cause gingival hyperplasia. Hormonal imbalance during pregnancy is one of these conditions. Diabetes, anemia, and HIV can also cause gingival hyperplasia. Once you get treated for these underlying conditions, gingival hyperplasia also goes away.

How much does it cost to treat gingival hyperplasia in dogs?

If your dog requires the full cleaning, scaling, extractions, and X-rays, you can expect your total cost to range between $2,000 and $3,000.

How long does it take for gingival hyperplasia to go away?

How long does it take for gingival hyperplasia to go away? After you stop taking the medication(s) that caused gingival hyperplasia or start treatment for the condition, it takes one to eight weeks for the lesions to disappear.

What does gingival hyperplasia look like in dogs?

Symptoms of Gingival Hyperplasia

The swelling may appear throughout the entire mouth and the gums may become so swollen that it is hard to see your dog’s teeth. Gums also will become reddened. In some cases, the inflammation can be localized to one area and may look like a single mass or tumor.

What can I give my dog for inflamed gums?

The aloe vera is soothing and will provide relief for sore gums affected by gingivitis. The most effective time to apply the solution is before bed, Donahue said. That way, the pet is likely done eating for the day and the solution will have more time to work without being diluted or rubbed off.

How do you reverse gingival hyperplasia?

Gingival hyperplasia can be resolved by improving oral hygiene habits. In more severe cases, surgical treatment is necessary.
Treating gingival overgrowth

  1. Laser excision. A periodontist will use lasers to remove inflamed gum tissue. …
  2. Electrosurgery. …
  3. Periodontal flap surgery. …
  4. Gingivectomy.

How do you fix gingival hyperplasia?

What is the treatment for gingival hyperplasia?

  1. Removal of bacterial plaque by thorough tooth brushing and flossing.
  2. Antiseptic mouthwashes such as chlorhexidine.
  3. Ultrasonic treatments.
  4. Courses of antibiotics to reduce oral bacterial load (e.g. erythromycin or azithromycin)

What are the drugs causing gingival hyperplasia?

Drug-induced gingival overgrowth is a side effect associated principally with 3 types of drugs: anticonvulsant (phenytoin), immunosuppressant (cyclosporine A), and various calcium channel blockers (nifedipine, verapamil, diltiazem).

How do you treat gingival hyperplasia at home?

First-line treatment options

  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day. …
  2. Opt for an electric toothbrush to maximize your cleaning potential.
  3. Make sure your toothbrush has soft or extra-soft bristles.
  4. Replace your toothbrush every three months.
  5. Floss daily.
  6. Use a natural mouthwash.
  7. Visit your dentist at least once a year.