What are the stages of change in motivational interviewing?

Motivation to change progresses through the following five stages: pre-contemplation (behavioural change not considered), contemplation (change considered), determination (determined to make a change), action (behaviour change takes place), and maintenance (maintaining and sustaining behaviour change; [97] ).

What are the five stages of change in Motivational Interviewing?

The five stages of change are precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance.

How does change happen in Motivational Interviewing?

Motivation for change occurs when people perceive a mismatch between “where they are and where they want to be”, and a counselor practicing Motivational Interviewing works to develop this by helping clients examine the discrepancies between their current circumstances/behavior and their values and future goals.

What stage of change should you use Motivational Interviewing?

Stages of Change Model

Stage in transtheoretical model of change Patient stage
Contemplation Weighing benefits and costs of behavior, proposed change
Preparation Experimenting with small changes
Action Taking a definitive action to change

How do you determine the stages of change?

How do we progress through change?

  1. Precontemplation – failing to recognize the need for change.
  2. Contemplation – seriously considering the need for change.
  3. Preparation – making small changes.
  4. Action – exercising for less than six months.
  5. Maintenance – regular exercise lasting longer than six months.
  6. Termination.

What are the 6 stages of change model?

The TTM posits that individuals move through six stages of change: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintenance, and termination.

What is the cycle of change?

The Cycle of Change aims to describe how people change, with or without therapy, and maintains that responsibility for this change lies with the individual. People often go round the cycle more than once before making a final exit.

What are the stages of motivation?


  • Pre-contemplation: Avoidance. …
  • Contemplation: Acknowledging that there is a problem but struggling with ambivalence. …
  • Preparation/Determination: Taking steps and getting ready to change.
  • Action/Willpower: Making the change and living the new behaviors.

How many stages are there in motivational interviewing?

Motivational interviewing in practice. The practical application of MI occurs in two phases: building motivation to change, and strengthening commitment to change.

What are the three phases of motivational interviewing?

The Stages of Change Model

  • Stage 1: The earliest stage an individual might fall into is the Precontemplation Stage. …
  • Stage 2: This stage is termed the Contemplation Stage. …
  • Stage 3: In the Preparation Stage, the individual has made a commitment to changing their behavior and accepted responsibility for doing so.

What is motivational change?

What is Motivation to Change? Motivation to Change is a person’s drive to change his or her own beliefs and behaviours. Motivation can come from within: This is when your reasons for changing are not for any reward or outside gain but instead for the sake of your own happiness and well-being.

What are the stages of change and how do they influence counselors in their work with clients?

The five stages are: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance. The key is to match the therapeutic interventions to the person’s stage of change.

How many phases of motivational counseling are there?

According to its founders William Miller and Stephen Rollnick, motivational interviewing is a collaborative, person-centered form of guiding to elicit and strengthen motivation to change in a counseling setting.

What are Prochaska’s stages of change?

Prochaska has found that people who have successfully made positive change in their lives go through five specific stages: precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance.

What are the 4 spirits of Motivational Interviewing?

So, the “music” of MI, or the “spirit” of MI involves four key elements: partnership, acceptance, compassion, and evocation.