What are the main arteries and veins of the lower limbs?

These branches include the: superficial epigastric artery, superficial circumflex iliac artery, superficial external pudendal artery, deep external pudendal artery, deep femoral artery, and descending genicular artery.

How many branches does the femoral artery have?

The femoral artery gives off five branches in the femoral triangle and one in the adductor canal, to give six in total. These branches are described below.

How do you remember the branches of the femoral artery?


  1. P: profunda femoris (deep femoral artery)
  2. M: medial circumflex femoral artery.
  3. L: lateral circumflex femoral artery.
  4. D: descending branch of the lateral circumflex femoral artery.
  5. P: perforating arteries.