What are the layers of the Oesophagus?

The esophageal wall contains four layers:

  • mucosa—surface epithelium, lamina propria, and glands.
  • submucosa—connective tissue, blood vessels, and glands.
  • muscularis (middle layer) upper third, striated muscle. …
  • adventitia—connective tissue that merges with connective tissue of surrounding structures.

How many layers are there in the esophagus?

The wall of the esophagus consists of four layers: mucosa, submucosa, muscularis propria, and adventitia. Unlike other areas of the GI tract, the esophagus does not have a distinct serosal covering.

What are the three parts of the esophagus?

The esophagus is subdivided into three anatomical segments: cervical, thoracic, and abdominal.

What are the muscle layers of the esophagus?

Similar to the rest of gastrointestinal tract, esophagus is made up of several layers, i.e., mucosa, muscularis mucosa, submucosa, and muscularis propria. Muscularis mucosa is thin, two- to three-cells thick, and oriented in the longitudinal axis.

What is the outer layer of the esophagus called?


The wall of the esophagus consist of four layers: the innermost layer is the mucosa (top arrow bar in image), just outside of that is the submucosa (lighter layer between arrow bars), the next layer is the muscularis (lower arrow bar), and the outermost layer is called the adventitia.

How is esophagus divided?

The esophagus is divided into three parts: Cervical which travels through the neck. Thoracic which is located in the thorax, more specifically in the mediastinum. Abdominal which travels past the diaphragm into the abdomen, reaching the stomach.

What are the 4 layers of the stomach?

Anatomy of the Stomach

  • Mucosa. This is the first and innermost layer or lining. …
  • Submucosa. This second layer supports the mucosa. …
  • Muscularis. The third layer is made of thick muscles. …
  • Subserosa. This layer contains supporting tissues for the serosa.
  • Serosa. This is the last and outermost layer.

What is the epithelial lining of the esophagus?

Esophageal epithelium is non-keratinized stratified squamous. Note that the basal surface of the epithelium can be deeply indented by connective tissue papillae. In oblique section through the epithelium, the connective tissue papillae can look like “islands,” apparently surrounded by epithelium.

What is the structure and function of the oesophagus?

Your esophagus is a hollow, muscular tube that carries food and liquid from your throat to your stomach. Muscles in your esophagus propel food down to your stomach. One of the most common symptoms of esophagus problems is heartburn, a burning sensation in the middle of your chest.

What is the difference between esophagus and oesophagus?

esophagus, also spelled oesophagus, relatively straight muscular tube through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach. The esophagus can contract or expand to allow for the passage of food.

What is distal oesophagus?

Finally, the distal thoracic esophagus includes the distal half of the esophagus from the tracheal bifurcation to the esophagogastric junction (32–40 cm from the gums). The esophagus crosses anterior to the aorta and through the muscular diaphragm at the T10 level and enters the stomach.

What are the two sphincters of the esophagus?

The antireflux barriers include two sphincters, namely, the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the diaphragmatic sphincter, and the unique anatomic configuration at the gastroesophageal junction.

How many sphincters are in the oesophagus?


The esophagus has two functional sphincters, the upper and lower esophageal sphincters. The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) is a high-pressure zone that lies at the transition of the pharynx and the cervical esophagus.

Where is gullet located?

The oesophagus (gullet) is a muscular tube. It connects your mouth to your stomach.

What is the function of the LES?

The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is a ring of muscle that forms a valve at the lower end of the esophagus where it joins the stomach. The LES stays closed except during swallowing, when it allows food to pass from the esophagus into the stomach.

What are sphincters?

(SFINK-ter) A ring-shaped muscle that relaxes or tightens to open or close a passage or opening in the body. Examples are the anal sphincter (around the opening of the anus) and the pyloric sphincter (at the lower opening of the stomach).

What keeps the LES closed?

The esophagus, also called the gullet, is a tube of muscle that connects your mouth to your stomach. It’s between about 8 and 10 inches long and has a sphincter at each end—the upper esophageal sphincter and the lower esophageal sphincter. A sphincter is a ring of muscle that guards or closes the end of a tube.