What are the branches of the subclavian artery?

The main branches of the subclavian artery include the vertebral artery, the internal thoracic artery, the thyrocervical trunk, the costocervical trunk, and the dorsal scapular artery. Once the subclavian artery reaches the axilla, it becomes known as the axillary artery.

What are the branches of the right subclavian artery?

The branches of the subclavian artery are the vertebral artery, the internal mammary (thoracic) artery, the thyrocervical trunk and the costocervical trunk (Fig. 7.7).

How do you remember the branches of the subclavian artery?

Helpful mnemonics to remember the branches of the subclavian artery include: Very Indignant Tired Individuals Sip Tasty Almond Coffee Served Double Daily.

What are the 3 parts of subclavian artery?

Subclavian Artery

  • The first part is from the origin up to Scalenus anterior muscle.
  • The second part is positioned to the Sc ant muscle.
  • The third part is lateral to the Scalenus anterior muscle. ant to lat border of first ribs. At this point, it becomes the axillary artery.

What are the branches of the subclavian vein?

The main tributaries of the subclavian vein include the:

  • External jugular vein.
  • Dorsal scapular vein.
  • Anterior jugular veins.

Which artery is a branch of the subclavian artery quizlet?

The ascending cervical artery is a branch off of it. Inferior thyroid artery, of the thyrocervical branch.

What are the branches of right coronary artery?

The right coronary artery divides into smaller branches, including the right posterior descending artery and the acute marginal artery. Together with the left anterior descending artery, the right coronary artery helps supply blood to the middle or septum of the heart.

What are the branches of internal thoracic artery?

The internal thoracic artery travels along the inner surface of the anterior chest wall on both sides. When it reaches the sixth or seventh intercostal cartilage, it divides into two branches, the musculophrenic and the superior epigastric arteries.

What is the order in which the branches emerge from the subclavian artery?

The subclavian artery becomes the axillary artery in the end, the arterial supply to the upper limb, regardless of which side of the body it is. During its course, it gives off several branches from each of its three respective regions: thoracic, muscular, and cervical regions.

What type of artery is the subclavian artery?

The subclavian arteries are asymmetric paired arteries that supply blood to the posterior cerebrum, cerebellum, posterior neck, upper limbs and the superior and anterior chest wall.

Where is the groove for the subclavian artery located?

a groove immediately posterior to the scalene tubercle on the upper surface of the first rib across which the subclavian artery passes.

What are subclavian veins?

The subclavian vein (SVC) is classified as a deep vein and is the major venous channel that drains the upper extremities. Other deep veins of the upper extremity that accompany the major arteries include the radial, ulnar, brachial, axillary veins.

Which are arteries of the upper limb?

In terms of arterial supply, the upper limb has 5 main vessels, the: subclavian, axillary, brachial, radial, and ulnar arteries. The subclavian, axillary and brachial arteries are continuous with one another, with the brachial artery bifurcating into the radial and ulnar arteries which later converge in the hand.

What’s subclavian vein?

The subclavian vein is a paired large vein, one on either side of the body, that is responsible for draining blood from the upper extremities, allowing this blood to return to the heart.

What is the first branch of the subclavian vein?


Part Branches
First part From its origin to the medial border of scalenus anterior Internal thoracic artery
Thyrocervical trunk
Second part Lying behind scalenus anterior Costocervical trunk
Third part Between the lateral border of scalenus anterior and the outer border of the first rib Dorsal scapular artery

Where are the subclavian arteries and veins located?

The left and right subclavian arteries are located in the thorax (chest) underneath the clavicles (commonly known as the collarbones). The left subclavian artery receives oxygenated blood from the aortic arch (the top portion of the largest artery in the body that carries blood away from the heart).