What are parts of the brain stem?

The brainstem is divided into three sections in humans: the midbrain (mesencephalon), the pons (metencephalon), and the medulla oblongata (myelencephalon).

What are the 4 parts of the brain stem?

The parts of the brainstem are the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla oblongata, and sometimes the diencephalon.

  • Midbrain.
  • Pons.
  • Medulla oblongata.
  • Appearance.
  • Blood supply.
  • Development.
  • Cranial nerves.

Which of the following is part of the brain stem?

The three components of the brainstem are the medulla oblongata, midbrain, and pons. Brainstem Anatomy: Structures of the brainstem are depicted on these diagrams, including the midbrain, pons, medulla, basilar artery, and vertebral arteries.

How many parts does the brain stem have?

3 sections

The brainstem is the structure that connects the cerebrum of the brain to the spinal cord and cerebellum. It is composed of 3 sections in descending order: the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata.

What are the 3 parts of the brainstem and their functions?

Anatomy

  • Midbrain: The top part of the brainstem is crucial for regulating eye movements.
  • Pons: The middle portion of the brainstem coordinates facial movements, hearing and balance.
  • Medulla oblongata: The bottom part of the brainstem helps regulate your breathing, heart rhythms, blood pressure and swallowing.

Which parts of the brainstem are involved in the following functions?

The medulla contains the cardiac, respiratory, vomiting, and vasomotor centers regulating heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure. The midbrain (mesencephalon) is associated with vision, hearing, motor control, sleep and wake cycles, alertness, and temperature regulation.

What are the names of the three main parts of the brain?

The brain can be divided into three basic units: the forebrain, the midbrain, and the hindbrain. The hindbrain includes the upper part of the spinal cord, the brain stem, and a wrinkled ball of tissue called the cerebellum (1). The hindbrain controls the body’s vital functions such as respiration and heart rate.

What is the brain stem?

The brain stem is the lower part of the brain that’s connected to the spinal cord (part of the central nervous system in the spinal column). The brain stem is responsible for regulating most of the body’s automatic functions that are essential for life. These include: breathing.

What are the 4 lobes of the brain and their function?

The four lobes of the brain are the frontal, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes (Figure 2). The frontal lobe is located in the forward part of the brain, extending back to a fissure known as the central sulcus. The frontal lobe is involved in reasoning, motor control, emotion, and language.

What are the five areas of the brain?

We’re going to talk about these five parts, which are key players on the brain team:

  • cerebrum (say: suh-REE-brum)
  • cerebellum (say: sair-uh-BELL-um)
  • brain stem.
  • pituitary (say: puh-TOO-uh-ter-ee) gland.
  • hypothalamus (say: hy-po-THAL-uh-mus)