Is a burst fracture the same as a compression fracture?

A compression fracture is a condition in which a vertebra is crushed only in the front part of the spine, causing a wedge shape. If a vertebra is crushed in all directions, the condition is called a burst fracture. Burst fractures are much more severe than compression fractures.

What is the difference between a compression fracture and a burst fracture?

Photo Source: If it is only crushed in the front part of the spine, it becomes wedge shaped and is called a compression fracture. However, if the vertebral body is crushed in all directions it is called a burst fracture.

Is a burst fracture a spinal cord injury?

A burst fracture is a spinal injury where the vertebra breaks due to immediate and severe compression. Immediate trauma such as a car accident or a severe fall are the leading causes for burst fractures with pieces of the vertebra shattering into surrounding tissues and sometimes the spinal canal.

What is another name for a compression fracture?

Types of Fracture

A spinal fracture due to osteoporosis (weak bones) is commonly referred to as a compression fracture, but can also be called a vertebral fracture, osteoporotic fracture, or wedge fracture.

How long does it take for a burst fracture to heal?

In these patients, treatment with a brace may lead to an excellent result. In general a molded turtle shell type brace (TLSO) or a body cast is required for the treatment of a burst fracture. This brace is usually worn for eight to twelve weeks in order to ensure adequate healing.

What is the difference between stable and unstable burst fracture?

Generally, a fracture is considered stable if only the anterior column is involved, as in the case of most wedge fractures. When the anterior and middle columns are involved, the fracture may be considered more unstable.

Which of the following is most commonly associated with burst fracture of spine?

The most unstable variant of the burst fracture is where significant kyphosis (more than 30°) is present, with or without 50% of vertebral body height loss, on plain radiographs. These injuries are typically associated with posterior ligamentous injury or horizontal posterior element fracture.