How can you prevent infection caused by phlebotomy?

Infection control procedures that help to prevent health-care associated infections include:

  1. hand hygiene;
  2. glove use;
  3. skin antisepsis;
  4. sterile, single-use blood-sampling devices;
  5. sharps containers;
  6. disinfection of surfaces and chairs;
  7. cleaning and disinfection of tourniquets;

How many times can a phlebotomist stick a patient?

The number of venipuncture attempts to insert a short peripheral catheter is a critical factor in the ultimate health of your patient’s veins. The 2016 Infusion Therapy Standards of Practice call for no more than 2 attempts per clinician with a limit on the total number of attempts to 4.

What are standard precautions in phlebotomy?

Practice universal precautions: Wear gloves and a lab coat or gown when handling blood/body fluids. Change gloves after each patient or when contaminated. Wash hands frequently. Dispose of items in appropriate containers.

What are the steps of the phlebotomy procedure?

Infection prevention and control practices.

  1. Assemble equipment. …
  2. Identify and prepare the patient. …
  3. Select the site. …
  4. Perform hand hygiene and put on gloves. …
  5. Disinfect the entry site. …
  6. Take blood. …
  7. Fill the laboratory sample tubes. …
  8. Draw samples in the correct order.

What is the correct order of draw in phlebotomy?

The order of draw is based on CLSI Procedures and Devices for the Collection of Capillary Blood Specimens; Approved Standard – Sixth Edition, September 2008. This standard recommends that EDTA tubes be drawn first to ensure good quality specimen, followed by other additive tubes and finally, serum specimen tubes.

What are the 3 main veins to draw blood?

The most site for venipuncture is the antecubital fossa located in the anterior elbow at the fold. This area houses three veins: the cephalic, median cubital, and basilic veins (Figure 1).

Do you need to wear gloves when drawing blood?

WHO guidelines on drawing blood: Best practices in phlebotomy Wear non-sterile, disposable, single-use gloves. For direct contact with patient’s mucous membranes, blood, body fluids, moist body substances, non-intact skin.

What are the four phlebotomy techniques?

Results. Four different ways of taking blood were observed: cannulation and a syringe (38%), cannula with evacuated tube and adaptor (42%), syringe and needle into vein (14%) and evacuated tube system used conventionally (6%).

How do I remember my phlebotomy tubes?

The order of draw is an order of tubes phlebotomist should follow to prevent testing complications and cross-contamination of additives. The order of draw is Yellow, Light Blue, Red, Light Green, Dark Green, Lavender, and Gray. Way to remember this is by the saying Your brother Robert gives lovely gifts.

What does EDTA mean in phlebotomy?

EDTA, short for ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, is a fairly standard part of blood collection. It is used not only as a way to keep blood from clumping together, but also to treat extreme cases of lead poisoning in a process called “chelation therapy.”

What does SST mean in phlebotomy?


Gold Top (Serum Separator, “SST”) Contains separating gel and clot activator 6.0 mL
Light Blue – Yellow Label on Tube Thrombin 2.0 mL
Green Sodium heparin(100 USP Units) 5.0 mL
Tan K2 EDTA 5.0 mL

What does FBC mean in a blood test?

Full blood count (FBC)

This can help give an indication of your general health, as well as provide important clues about certain health problems you may have. For example, an FBC may detect signs of: iron deficiency anaemia or vitamin B12 deficiency anaemia. infection or inflammation. bleeding or clotting disorders.

What does ETS stand for in phlebotomy?

Venipuncture Equipment (cont’d) • Evacuated Tube System (ETS) (T) – Closed system in which blood flows through a needle inserted. into a vein & then directly into a collection tube.

What two antecubital veins should be drawn for venipuncture?

The antecubital area of the arm is usually the first choice for routine venipuncture. This area contains the three vessels primarily used by the phlebotomist to obtain venous blood specimens: the median cubital, the cephalic and the basilic veins.

What are the 3 methods of venipuncture explain each?

Blood collection methods include (1) venipuncture (penetrating a vein with a needle) with an evacuated tube system, syringe method, or butterfly infusion set; and (2) capillary blood system whereby the skin puncture is done with the use of a lancet.

What blood tube colors are for which test?

Blood Collection Tubes

Tube cap color Additive
Red or gold (mottled or “tiger” top used with some tubes) Serum tube with or without clot activator or gel
Green Sodium or lithium heparin with or without gel
Lavender or pink Potassium EDTA
Gray Sodium fluoride, and sodium or potassium oxalate

What is a GREY top blood test for?

Gray top tube with potassium oxalate/sodium fluoride: used for lactic acid testing and other plasma or whole blood determinations.

What color tube is a CBC?

The following tests may be drawn in the same LAVENDER (PURPLE) top tube: CBC, SED RATE (ESR), RETICULOCYTE Draw an extra LAVENDER for each (GLYCOHEMOGLOBIN and BNP).

What is the gold top blood test for?

Specimen required: 5ml serum SST (Gold top) Tests are performed by the immunology department at St Richards Hospital. This combined test will detect auto antibodies to gastric parietal cells; mitochondria; smooth muscle and liver-kidney microsomes.

What Colour bottle is full blood count?

Purple bottle – 3 ml – used for a full blood count (FBC) and ESR.

What is the blue blood bottle for?

The blue bottle is used for haematology tests involving the clotting system, which require inactivated whole blood for analysis.

What is a blue top blood test?

Blue Top – Tube contains Sodium Citrate.

Most often used for coagulation studies. Must be drawn prior to collection of serum tubes to prevent contamination with clot activator and interference with coagulation cascade.