Attitudes form directly as a result of experience. They may emerge due to direct personal experience, or they may result from observation.
What is attitude and how it is formed?
An attitude is a general and lasting positive or negative opinion or feeling about some person, object, or issue. Attitude formation occurs through either direct experience or the persuasion of others or the media. Attitudes have three foundations: affect or emotion, behavior, and cognitions.
How are attitudes formed example?
Attitudes can form from classical conditioning. An example would be a child seeing their parent frown when they encounter a homeless person. This action and the stimulus of the homeless person form an association in the child’s mind and they may develop a general negative attitude about homeless people.
How attitudes are formed in psychology?
A person’s direct experience with the attitude object determines his attitude towards it. The personal experience of an individual, whether it is favourable or unfavourable, will affect his attitude deeply. These attitudes which are based on personal experience are difficult to change.
How can attitude be formed and changed?
Classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning can be used to bring about attitude change. Classical conditioning can be used to create positive emotional reactions to an object, person, or event by associating positive feelings with the target object.
How attitudes are formed and measured?
Such attitudes are formed in one of the three ways- (1) by actively seeking more information, or (2) by adopting towards the object the attitudes of other people, or (3) by adopting attitudes towards the object that are consistent with the rest of his thinking.
What are the factors involved in attitude formation?
Factors influencing attitude are beliefs, feelings, and action tendencies of an individual or group of individuals towards objects, ideas, and people.
- Social Factors.
- Direct Instruction.
- Personal Experience.
- Educational and Religious Institutions.
- Physical Factors.
How attitudes are acquired?
They are complex and are an acquired state through experiences. It is an individual’s predisposed state of mind regarding a value and it is precipitated through a responsive expression towards oneself, a person, place, thing, or event (the attitude object) which in turn influences the individual’s thought and action.